eMEMBERSHIP  LOGIN

Sustained Fitness Promotes Long Life

Posted on Dec. 30, 2011, 6 a.m. in Men's Health Exercise Longevity
Sustained Fitness Promotes Long Life

Fitness is considered to be a reliable objective marker of habitual physical activity, and body mass index (BMI) is widely accepted as a measure of overall obesity.  Duck-chul Lee, from the University of South Carolina at Columbia (South Carolina, USA), and colleagues explored the independent and combined associations of changes in fitness as estimated from a maximal treadmill test and BMI with all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality.  The team revealed that men who were physically fit in their 40s, and maintained that fitness level for a decade,reduced their risk of all-cause death by 30% -- as compared with men who were flabby at age 40.  Specifically, during more than 11 years of follow-up, the researchers found that those men who maintained their baseline fitness levels had a 28% lower risk of cardiovascular disease death, while those who improved their fitness had a 40% and 44% lower risk of all-cause and cardiovascular disease death, respectively, as compared with those who remained unfit.  Whereas body mass index (BMI) status had little impact on risk of death in those who remained fit, BMI had variable yet non-significant impact on those who lost fitness or were unfit at the study’s start.  For every 1-metabolic equivalent (MET) improvement in fitness, there was a 15% lowering of the risk of all-cause death, and a 19% reduction in cardiovascular disease death. Observing that: “Maintaining or improving fitness is associated with a lower risk of all-cause and [cardiovascular disease] mortality in men,” the study authors urge that: “Preventing age-associated fitness loss is important for longevity regardless of [body mass index] change.”

View news source…

Duck-chul Lee, Xuemei Sui, Enrique G. Artero, I-Min Lee, Timothy S. Church, Paul A. McAuley, et al.  “Long-Term Effects of Changes in Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Body Mass Index on All-Cause and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Men: The Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study.”  Circulation, 2011;124:2483-2490.

  

Health Headlines MORE »

About an hour of ballroom dancing 3 days a week, for 3 months, resulted in a 50% improvement in balance and fall reduction.
Sugar sweetened beverages such as sodas and juice cocktails may elevate blood pressure.
Not only did collegiate-trained swimmers recover better with chocolate milk after an exhaustive swim, they swam faster in time trials later that same day.
Daily probiotic supplements may reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal and upper respiratory tract infections.
Neurobridge is an electronic neural bypass for spinal cord injuries that reconnects the brain directly to muscles, to enable voluntary and functional control of
Education, career, and interpersonal activities may be key to retaining memory and thinking skills later in life.
Whether you are an “early bird” or a “night owl” may affect physiological functions, including attention.
Tenets of the anti-aging lifestyle markedly reduce a person’s stroke risk.
Omega-3 fatty acids inhibit blood vessel growth in age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Regular exercise may exert physiological changes that decrease inflammation on a local and systemic level.