Posted on Feb 02, 2015, 6 a.m.
While cancer mortality in the US has declined by 22% over the past two decades, persistent trends in cancer types remain as important public health issues.
The American Cancer Society's annual cancer statistics report finds that a 22% drop in cancer mortality over two decades led to the avoidance of more than 1.5 million cancer deaths that would have occurred if peak rates had persisted. Investigators submit that steady decline in the cancer death rate is the result of fewer Americans smoking, as well as advances in cancer prevention, early detection, and treatment. Yet, “Cancer Facts & Figures 2015” warns that an estimated 589,430 Americans will die from cancer this year, corresponding to about 1,600 deaths per day. The most common causes of cancer death are lung, prostate, and colorectal cancer in men and lung, breast, and colorectal cancer in women. These four cancers account for almost one-half of all cancer deaths, with more than one-quarter (27%) of all cancer deaths due to lung cancer. Prostate, lung, and colorectal cancers will account for about one-half of all cases in men, with prostate cancer alone accounting for about one-quarter of new diagnoses. The three most commonly diagnosed types of cancer among women in 2015 will be breast, lung, and colorectal cancer, accounting for one-half of all cases in women. Breast cancer alone is expected to account for 29% of all new cancers among women in the U.S.
American Cancer Society. Cancer Facts & Figures 2015. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/research/cancerfactsstatistics/cancerfactsfigures2015/index