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Infectious Disease

U.S. Probes Possible Case of Mad Cow

13 years, 7 months ago

2077  0
Posted on Mar 21, 2006, 5 a.m. By Bill Freeman

The Agriculture Department is investigating a possible case of mad cow disease. A routine test indicated the possible presence of mad cow disease, said John Clifford, the agency's chief veterinarian. The agency would not say where the animal was from.

The Agriculture Department is investigating a possible case of mad cow disease. A routine test indicated the possible presence of mad cow disease, said John Clifford, the agency's chief veterinarian. The agency would not say where the animal was from.

The cow did not enter the human or animal food chain, Clifford said.

The department is conducting more detailed tests at its laboratory in Ames, Iowa, and should have results in four to seven days.

"This inconclusive result does not mean we have found a new case of  BSE," Clifford said, giving the abbreviation for the disease's formal name, bovine spongiform encephalopathy.

"Inconclusive results are a normal component of most screening tests, which are designed to be extremely sensitive," he added in a statement.

In humans, eating meat products contaminated with mad cow disease has been linked to more than 150 deaths worldwide from variant  Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease, a rare and fatal nerve disease.

A majority of the deaths were in Britain, where there was an outbreak of mad cow disease that started in the mid-1980s. There was one case confirmed in the U.S., although the federal Centers for Disease Control believes the person got the disease while in the United Kingdom.

No one is known to have contracted the disease inside the United States.

U.S. government investigators have found two cases of mad cow disease. The first was in December 2003 in a Canadian-born cow in Washington state. The second was last June in a cow that was born and raised in Texas.

In response to the first case, the Agriculture Department increased its level of testing for the disease. As of Friday, 644,603 of the nation's estimated 95 million head of cattle had been tested.

The United States has had three cases in which "inconclusive" results turned out to be negative. Two of those times were in 2004 and the third was in 2005.

Tests are done on dead animals; there is no test for the disease in a live cow. The department primarily tests animals that can't walk, have signs of nervous system disorder, are emaciated or injured or that have died. These animals are considered to be at greatest risk of having the disease.

The 2003 case of mad cow disease prompted a ban on American beef by Japan, once the biggest customer of U.S. beef, and many other countries.

Japan finally reopened its market in December but halted U.S. beef shipments in January after finding veal cuts with backbone, which is eaten in the U.S. but considered at risk for mad cow disease in Asian countries.

Clifford said the U.S. has "a system of interlocking safeguards" against mad cow disease that protects people and health. The U.S. has a ban on adding remains of dead cattle to feed for live cattle, because eating contaminated feed is how the disease is believed to spread.

The government also requires the removal of tissues known to carry the disease, such as brains and spinal cords, when animals are slaughtered.

"We remain very confident in the safety of U.S. beef," Clifford said.

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