Non-Profit Trusted Source of Non-Commercial Health Information
The Original Voice of the American Academy of Anti-Aging, Preventative, and Regenerative Medicine
logo logo
Diet Behavior Cardio-Vascular Diabetes

Are You Skipping Breakfast? Eating Late? You May Want To Reconsider

7 months, 1 week ago

5223  0
Posted on Dec 20, 2023, 12 p.m.

Article courtesy of Dr. Joel Kahn, MD, who is a Clinical Professor of Medicine at Wayne State University School of Medicine, one of the world's top cardiologists, a best-selling author, lecturer, and a leading expert in plant-based nutrition and holistic care.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in the world with around 20 million deaths annually.  Diet plays a major role in the development and progression of these diseases. The timing of meals may also play an important role. So many people are skipping breakfast and not eating until noon. Is this wise?

Data from observational and interventional studies indicate that breakfast consumption is an important habit for cardiometabolic health while its omission has been associated in meta-analyses with overweight and obesity, risk of CVD, and diabetes mellitus. Similarly, late-night eating has been linked in prospective studies to cardiovascular risk factors such as arterial stiffness, obesity, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, and a higher risk of coronary heart disease.


The present study included a total of 103,389 participants (79% women) with a mean baseline age of 43 years. Participants completed on average 5.7 dietary records (SD 3.0) with a maximum of 15 records. The timing and number of meals they consumed were recorded on average 6 times to have the most up-to-date patterns for analysis.  The study had an average follow-up time of about 7 years.

During the study period, there were 2,036 new cases of cardiovascular disease. This broke down as follows:

The researchers observed the following findings associated with meal timings between 8 a.m. and 9 p.m.:

  • Delaying the day’s first meal was associated with a higher risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Each additional hour of delay was associated with a 6% increase in cerebrovascular diseases like strokes.
  • Eating a last meal of the day after 9 p.m. was associated with a 28% higher risk of cerebrovascular diseases than those who ate before 8 p.m.
  • No significant additional risk was associated with the number of times someone ate.
  • Each additional hour of nighttime fasting (eating an earlier evening meal rather than delaying breakfast) was associated with a 7% lower risk of cerebrovascular disease.

The researchers added that the differences in negative associations in the timing of the day’s last meal were more significant in women than in men.


The researchers suggest that adopting the habit of eating earlier first and last meals with a longer period of night-time fasting could help to prevent the risk of cardiovascular disease.

A growing body of research suggests that eating first and last meals earlier and having a longer overnight fasting period, may be beneficial. 

Next time you are considering skipping breakfast, or on the other hand, eating late at night, these new data give reason to reconsider.

About the author: At his core, Dr. Joel Kahn believes that plant-based nutrition is the most powerful source of preventative medicine on the planet. Having practiced traditional cardiology since 1983, it was only after his own commitment to a plant-based vegan diet that Dr. Kahn truly began to delve into the realm of non-traditional diagnostic tools, prevention tactics, and nutrition-based recovery protocols.

As with anything you read on the internet, this article should not be construed as medical advice; please talk to your doctor or primary care provider before changing your wellness routine. This article is not intended to provide a medical diagnosis, recommendation, treatment, or endorsement. These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. 

Content may be edited for style and length.

References/Sources/Materials provided by:

WorldHealth Videos